Index to Gary Gillman’s Writing on Porter and Stout

1. Introduction

I prepared earlier an Index of my posts relating to beer and breweries in the British Mandate for Palestine, and a second Index for Jewish-owned breweries in pre-Second World War Central and East Europe.

In this post I do similar for porter and stout, indexing writing on this site since the site began in July 2015. This represents a large body of study and investigation, relying frequently on original research.

Not every post that mentions porter or stout is included, as some can be viewed as relatively minor or preliminary in nature, but the significant ones are covered.

Because of the notoriety and historical importance of Guinness Stout, many (not all) Guinness posts are collected as one group. This category will exhibit some crossover of topics, as indeed all categories to a degree, but still the groupings will assist readers to perceive the scope of the work done and identify areas of interest.

In the national section (no. 9), the posts describe a notable relationship of porter to each country or sub-unit, whether brewed in the country or not.

(Generally, the term porter as used in this Index includes stout, as historically they are the same type of beer. The difference was, basically, that sometimes stout was stronger. In the Guinness section though I usually use the term stout).

I will update this Index as new posts are produced, and fill any gaps or omissions in the picture as drawn to date. I will prepare as well in months to come a similar index for pale ale, steam beer, English pubs, Canadian whisky, and other topics useful to index.

A note re sources: Among the many sources used in the research is the Fulton History resource, a vast repository of American and some Canadian archival newspapers. If a link to Fulton seems inoperative, this does not mean the source has been removed.

Due to ongoing maintenance of the Fulton website, sometimes the original URL no longer functions and a newer one is needed. Usually a quick word search in Fulton can reveal the source, but if a reader needs assistance, I should be able to help.

2. The Name Origins of Porter 

Spitalfields Weavers, Three Threads and Porter, September 20, 2015. Argues for derivation of porter’s name from London weaving trade. Expanded by Addenda in Comments under post.

More On the Theory London Silk Weaving Gave Porter and Three Threads Their Names, September 25, 2015.  Develops further the argument for derivation of porter’s name as mentioned.

Textiles, Threads, London Beer, November 29, 2016. Continues/elaborates analysis as above.

Ned Ward’s Two-Threads of Beer, July 7, 2017. Discussion on possible meanings of this reference to a two-threads beer.

New Article on Naming Origins of Porter, April 13, 2021. Records publication of my porter-naming argument in April 2021 issue of the UK-based food studies journal Petits Propos Culinaires.

3. The Malts of Porter

From Oak and Alder to Porter, December 11, 2015. Examines Norfolk roots of wood-smoked malt for porter and connections to three threads and other thread beers.

Brown Malt and 1700s Porter: new Insight, March 14, 2016. Describes a 1760 book on malting not previously canvassed in literature that offers new insight on evolution of brown malt and porter mashing.

The Malts in Porter and Stout, March 15, 2016. Discusses malts of porter via a historical lens including with reference to kilning and mashing.

Back to the Future of Porter, via Michael Donovan, March 17, 2016. Evolution of porter mashing until early 1800s according to an Irish-based apothecary.

Draughts of Danish and the Ghosts of London Porter, January 16, 2018. Uncovers evidence that wood-smoked malt links early porter and Danish beer.

4. The Wood Casks Used for Porter

CMOS Brewing, March 18, 2018. Summarizes British attitude to casks for ale and porter up to World War II, namely that, in general, Memel oak from Baltic was favoured vs. vanillin-flavoured American oak barrels.

American Oak Over There, March 28, 2018. Further discussion and background to the wood preferred for British beer barrels.

(See also “A Right Royal Porter” in no. 9 below, confirming Whitbread in London used Memel oak for its classic porter).

5. Dispense Methods of Porter

“Donovan’s Apothecary Porter”, March 21, 2016. Irishman Michael Donovan, writing in early 1800s, projects use of metal barrels to dispense porter.

Handpumped Guinness in Living Colour, March 14, 2018. Irish archival film showing naturally conditioned Guinness.

Rich and Creamy Porter and Stout, Part I, May 3, 2020. Series discusses late-1800s blending practice for porter with reference to approved dispense methods including for British Army canteens.

Rich and Creamy Porter and Stout, Part II, May 8, 2020. Ditto.

Rich and Creamy Porter and Stout, Part III, May 22, 2020. Ditto.

See also in various entries under “Guinness Stout” (no. 5) re its nitrogen innovation and abandonment of natural conditioning.

6. Guinness Stout

Some Thoughts On Guinness, January 21, 2016. Assessing Guinness’ historic decision to abandon natural conditioning c. 1960.

The Classic Taste of Guinness Stout, January 22, 2016. The character of Guinness in the early 20th century, “real ale” days.

Guinness, Bottles, An Addendum, January 23, 2016. Bottled Guinness offering a superior, more traditional character than draught Guinness.

Guinness of My Dreams, April 24, 2017. Envisaging a recreation of historical Guinness.

My Early Experience With Guinness Stout, June 22, 2017. My recollections of Guinness flavour in the 1970s.

Guinness Special Export Stout, June 23, 2017. Some 20th century background on this iteration of Guinness.

Guinness Comes Alive in a 2009 Book, June 30, 2017. Many insights on Guinness in retired Diageo microbiologist’s book.

The Wood For British Beer; an Anglo Russian Pact, March 27, 2018. Confirms via consular reporting that porter generally in Ireland in late-1800s was stored in North American oak.

Use by Guinness of American Stave Barrels in Late 1800s, March 28, 2018. Consular report for late 1800s showing “Dublin”, so Guinness mainly, used American oak staves for barrels.

Confectionately Yours, February 23, 2021. Witty 1950s ad compares Guinness to a confection made by a Guinness affiliate, not quite pastry stout before its time, but still.

7. Imperial Stout

Russian Stout and 1975 Canada, November 30, 2017. A Canadian writes a literate, pre-Michael Jackson assessment of Courage Imperial Russian Stout.

Cyril on Stout, October 28, 2021. Discussion of a landmark 1960s essay on imperial stout by English wine writer Cyril Ray, and his remarks from a different source on Guinness stout.

8. (Representative) Taste Reviews of Porter and Stout

A True Flavour of Porter – Black Creek Porter, March 10, 2016. Reviews this Ontario brand.

Innis & Gunn VP01 Imperial Stout, November 29, 2017. The Scottish brewery’s limited edition release.

Imperial Stout – Great Divide’s Classic Version, February 12, 2018. Traditional imperial stout from the Denver, Colorado brewery.

Porter Ponderings,  September 7, 2018. Reviews Maverick Stout from Toronto in light of 19th century readings of porter final gravity.

Guinness Extra Stout – Canadian Version, December 9, 2020. My comments on the bottled (non-widget) Guinness brewed in Canada under license from Diageo.

Avling Øresund Porter, April 9, 2021. A porter from Toronto’s Avling brewery and restaurant.

Porter Pursuit, Part I., October 15, 2021. Assessment of Founder’s Porter with contextual remarks on other brands and porter history.

Porter Pursuit, Part II October 15, 2021. Review of Cameron’s Crooked Nose Stout from Oakville, Ontario.

Porter Pursuit, Part III October 16, 2021. Assessment of a more recent Canadian-brewed Guinness stout.

2021 Goose Island Bourbon County Brand Imperial Stout, November 27, 2021. The famed Goose Island BCB Imperial Stout tasted at Goose Island, Toronto.

Creemore Discovery Series Imperial Stout, January 14, 2022. I find a stab at the style by the craft unit of a mega-brewer wanting.

Porter and Paignton. January 15, 2022. My comments on an Englishman’s review of Black Sheep Milk Stout.

9. Porter in Different Countries 

Britain

A Victorian Meets London Porter, January 25, 2017. Writer and journalist George Sala describes porter characteristics in 1859.

A Right Royal Porter, April 8, 2018. Reviews a period account of the King and Queen’s visit to Whitbread Brewery in 1787.

When Black IPA Rules, March 22, 2020. Considers Black IPA (the modern craft style) in light of Frank Faulkner’s late-1800s typing of Burton-brewed porter.

France

British Beer in Boulogne, c. 1850, December 30, 2016. Irish porter brewer Lane finds a ready market for its beer in the French Channel port of Boulogne, mid-1850s.

Germany

Brewing British on the Moselle, July, 25, 2018. Describes a venture to brew British-style beer in German wine country in the 1850s. (Appreciation to German beer historian Andreas Krennmair who provided German-language interpretation).

Sweden

Carnegie Porter, Part I, March 14, 2021. Series on famed Carnegie Porter, developed in Sweden by a Scottish trading family.

Carnegie Porter, Part II, March 15, 2021. Ditto.

Carnegie Porter, Part III, March 17, 2021. Ditto.

Poland

Edward Hall, English Porter Brewery Warsaw, Part I, May 27, 2021. Briton Edward Hall establishes early porter brewery in Warsaw, Poland.

Edward Hall, English Porter Brewery Warsaw, Part II, May 27, 2021. Further analysis of this subject.

A Lviv Idyll, 1936, June 2, 2021. Porter, still commercially viable in interwar Poland, forms centrepiece of a melancholy meditation on a multi-ethic Poland that might have been.

Lviv Porter, 1924-1939, June 3, 2021. Examines Imperial porter in former Lviv, Poland (now Lvov, Ukraine), with reference to likely evolution from top- to bottom-fermentation.

Arc of the Jelen Brewery, June 9, 2021. Discusses pre- and post-World World II history of the Jelen Brewery including the current Perla porter produced, broadly in the Imperial style.

Ale and Porter on the Polish Main – Zwierzyniec Brewery, June 13, 2021. Early implantation of English-style ale and porter brewing in Poland.

Quebec, Canada

Ale and Porter – “Bière et Porter”, August 14, 2015. Discusses the main beer types, ale and porter, sold in Quebec in the postwar period as recalled from my adolescence.

Early Brewery in Quebec Leaves a Recipe, c. 1800. February 16, 2016. I unearthed a commercial recipe covering both ale and porter from a British Jewish family in Canada. They had arrived with the British forces who took Quebec, and later established a brewery.

The Hart Brewery’s c. 1800 Recipe and Recreation, October 20, 2016. This discusses the ale recreation but is of interest for porter as well due to the transcription I provide of the “joint” recipe.

A Taste of the Old Country in 1941 Montreal, June 15, 2017. Guinness Foreign Export Stout is touted in a war-mobilized Canada.

Quebec Ale and Porter – the 1940s Heyday, July 10, 2018. Discussion of Quebec ale and porter brands legion in this period, from National Breweries Ltd.

The Sand Porter of Montreal, Part I, January 24, 2020. I identified an intriguing designation of porter sold in 19th century Quebec. I concluded finally that the sand term likely was derived from the practice of Guinness at this time to place sand on its vat lids to reduce ingress of air.

The Sand Porter of Montreal, Part II, January 25, 2020. Ditto.

The Sand Porter of Montreal, Part III, December 7, 2020. Ditto.

The Sand Porter of Montreal, Part IV, January 25, 2022. Ditto.

A Case of Champlain, February 27, 2021. Reviews various beer types including porter and stout from a Quebec City brewery of the interwar period, with reference to certain cultural considerations.

British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Johnson’s Stout Waters Distant Shores, Part I, March 9, 2019. London-based Barclay Perkins ships its porter to British Columbia, especially Victoria where many Britons resided for naval work.

Dr. Johnson’s Stout Waters Distant Shores, Part II, March 9, 2019. Ditto.

Dr. Johnson’s Stout Waters Distant Shores, Part III, March 14, 2019. Ditto.

Rallying Against British Stout, March 14, 2019. Local stout in British Columbia takes a stand against imported stout, raising quality issues and desirability to support local business.

Victoria Loved Them All, March 16, 2019. Swedish-originated Carnegie Porter makes a strong pitch in distant Victoria, British Columbia.

Ontario, Canada

Roistering in Toronto the Good, 1949, June 15, 2019. With Canadian industrial brewing well-established, English oyster stout is acclaimed at an international trade exhibition in Toronto.

Ireland

Guinness Stout in the Wood Barrel Days, June 14, 2017. Comments by an Irishman comparing 1960s wood barrel Guinness to bottled form, and cooled nitrogenated Guinness when released.

American Wood, Cork Porter, March 26, 2018. Reviews evidence of the 1880s that an Irish cooperage built vessels of American oak for porter brewing in Cork but used classic European oak for ale brewers.

Hops in the Pint, a 1930s Look, June 7, 2021. I discuss the impressively high hopping rate for Irish beer in the 1930s, then almost all stout and porter, with comparatives to other countries, using statistics in a Polish brewing journal.

United States

The 1936 Wine and Oyster Tasting in New York: an Attendee Reports, October 17, 2017. Guinness is included as a select “black wine” in a prophetic oyster- and wine-tasting event held by the New York Wine and Food Society.

Historic 1942 Beer and Food Tasting, November 2, 2017. Five porters or stouts, domestic and imported, were included among 42 beers in a landmark tasting event held during the war by the New York Wine and Food Society.

Relay, Something’s Brewing, March 17, 2018. Guinness recommences brewing in North America, this time in Relay, Maryland.

Guinness’s Shot Across the Bows, October 14, 2018. Describes attempt of Guinness to market a version of Guinness stout made in Long Island, New York, and its make-up.

The “First” Draught Guinness in North America, October 15, 2018. Describes launch of modern (nitro-dispense) draft Guinness in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1965.

Russian Imperial Stout in Truman’s America, March 3, 2019. Describes plan to import Barclay Perkins’ Russian Imperial Stout to America in 1950.

Donald F. Hyde Visits Barclay Perkins, 1950, March 4, 2019. Further background on the plan to import Barclay Perkins’ Russian Imperial Stout to the U.S. in 1950.

The Origins of Robust Porter, February 20, 2021. I explore the history of the emergence of this modern category of the porter family.

Beamish Stout Journeys to America, February 22, 2021. Describes plan to export Beamish stout to New York c. 1950 with related information on competition from Guinness and its newly established brewery in Long Island.

Iraq

Mild ale on the Main, Part II, or the Iraq Brewery, August 12, 2020. Discusses Diana Stout brewed by this brewery, among other brands, in 1940s and 1950s Baghdad, Iraq.

A Stout Supply of Beer, August 18, 2020. Discusses auction of surplus stores of Guinness by Royal Air Force at Margil, Iraq in 1948 with a tracing of stout brands available in Iraq since the 1920s.

Sudan

The Blue Nile Brewery (1956-1983), July 27, 2020. Discussion of the stout among other brands made by this brewery, established in the early 1950s by Barclay Perkins of London.

Gibraltar

A Porter of Gibraltar, May 12, 2020. Recounts an incident where a British officer on field work in Gibraltar, early 1800s, secreted a cache of porter, possibly still on “the Rock”.

Australia

Fate of Springfield Brewery, Mitcham, March 13, 2021. Discusses traditional features of the porter brewed by this brewery in South Australia in 1941.

Former British Malaya

New Writing on Malaya Beer History, January 23, 2021. This post describes in summary form my article “An Outline on Beers and Breweries in British Malaya. Part I” published recently in the U.K.-based journal Brewery History (currently print-only, available by subscription). That article describes the stouts inaugurated in the 1930s in Singapore by two breweries, Archipelago Brewery and Malayan Breweries Ltd.

British Mandate for Palestine

Imported Beer in Mandate Palestine, Part VIII, July 27, 2020. Both Guinness and British milk stout are available in a Jerusalem restaurant in 1935 connected to German Templars.

10. Porter Blending and Miscellaneous

The Black Watkins, Porter-and-Elderberry, August 16, 2017. Elderberry has an early connection to porter, among the porter “additives”, which I explore via George Watkins’ enlightening, early porter discussion (1770s).

Dry-Hopping of Porter and Stout, April 3, 2018. Considers to what extent porter and stout were dry-hopped, historically.

A Black and Tan Please, May 30, 2018. Describes some history of this mixture of stout and pale ale, with description of my home-made version.

The Three Angels, September 19, 2020. Russian Imperial Stout features in an upscale London beer cocktail, early 20th century.

The Broadway Blend, December 7, 2021. Porter blending in gas-lamp America including a rare branded example of Guinness and Bass Pale Ale.

Note: in no. 8 above, in “Historic 1942 Beer and Food Tasting”, the menu provides examples of mixed porter and ale, continuing a pre-Prohibition practice of some American brewers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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